I won't speak to the City/Province names, I'm not familiar with them and would need to look them up.
However, I can assume that they separated out Finland from Russia to allow for a neutral nation between Sweden and Russia, giving players a way to expand without directly being at war with another player.
They also did this to several French and UK possessions.
France lost French Equatorial Africa, French Morocco, and French Tunisia on top of completely losing their colony French Indochina which became another playable power. The loss of French Indochina hurts for some reason. I really feel it should be French, and that Siam should be a playable nation since it was never colonized and had a GDP at the time roughly equal to Portugal.
The UK lost North Borneo, Brunei, the Maledives, and Uganda, Oman, and some others as neutral nations as well. And then of course South Africa and Egypt are playable nations.
It's my hope that we will one day get a 1914 Historical Map (similar to 1939 Historical Map in CoW) where the major powers will start with all colonies and historical armies/navies. But this map was made to have some form of balance for players and incorporate areas of expansion at the expense of some of the colonial empires. We should be happy that they still made Russia, France, and the UK extremely strong nations even if they stripped them of some territories.